Open Access publishing refers to the practice of making research freely available to read, without paywalls, subscriptions or other barriers to access. Driven by technological developments (electronic publishing and the internet) and economic pressures (increasingly unaffordable increases in traditional journal publishing), the principles of Open Access were first articulated in the Budapest Open Access Initiative of 2002. According to the statement produced by the Initiative,
"The literature that should be freely accessible online is that which scholars give to the world without expectation of payment...By "open access" to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited."
Budapest Open Access Publishing Statement
Released February 14, 2002
The HSE is very much to the fore in advocating Open Access in Ireland. Its 2013 statement notes that the organisation "is committed to sharing the findings of its research as widely as possible to enhance its use and its impact on the population it serves."
Dr. Steevens' Library. Health Service Executive. Dr. Steevens' Hospital, Dublin 8. Tel: 01-6352555/8. Fax: 01-6352557. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org