Open Access publishing refers to the practice of making research freely available to read, without paywalls, subscriptions or other barriers to access. Driven by technological developments (electronic publishing and the internet) and economic pressures (increasingly unaffordable increases in traditional journal publishing), the principles of Open Access were first articulated in the Budapest Open Access Initiative of 2002. According to the statement produced by the Initiative,
"The literature that should be freely accessible online is that which scholars give to the world without expectation of payment...By "open access" to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited."
Budapest Open Access Publishing Statement
Released February 14, 2002
Mental Health category: Conor O’Neill, “STRESS-testing clinical activity and outcomes for a combined prison in-reach and court liaison service”.
Quality Improvement category: Mark White, “Healthcare Quality Improvement and ‘work engagement'”.
Primary Care category: Clare Lewis, “A community virtual ward model to support older persons with complex health care and social care needs”.
Acute Hospitals category: Suzanne Dunne, “Benefits of post-operative oral protein supplementation in gastrointestinal surgery patients”.
Health and Wellbeing category: Kevin Cradock, “Behaviour change techniques targeting both diet and physical activity in type 2 diabetes”.
Clinical Strategy and Programmes category: Mary Clare O’Hara, “Formation of a type 1 diabetes young adult patient and public involvement panel to develop a health behaviour change intervention”.
National Cancer Control Programme: Alison Johnston, “Targeting breast cancer outcomes-what about the primary relatives?”
The HSE is very much to the fore in advocating Open Access in Ireland. Its 2013 statement notes that the organisation "is committed to sharing the findings of its research as widely as possible to enhance its use and its impact on the population it serves."
Dr. Steevens' Library. Health Service Executive. Dr. Steevens' Hospital, Dublin 8. Tel: 01-6352555/8. Fax: 01-6352557. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org